Choosing best AC gas is a difficult one. A refrigerant is a liquid or fluid gas that is put or used in the air conditioning systems and refrigerators. Refrigerant fluid is very crucial since without it air conditioners, refrigerators or any other freezing technology cannot be possible. The AC contains the refrigerant inside the condenser coils. Its major function or purpose is to absorb the heat from the room leaving the hot air out in the environment.
The refrigerant undergoes a certain stage as it absorbs heat it changes from liquid to gas. The technology is high since it transits or transforms back into liquid immediately when the compressor compresses.
There are several types of AC refrigerant gas. Let’s look at the most common gas used in the AC and compare which could be the best for your use. This will be noticed when we highlight the advantages of each gas.
The R22 known as Hydro chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs)
This is the most common refrigerant that is commonly used in the air conditioners. The R22 is the refrigerant that is used by most of the users of the air conditioners. The R22 is better than CFCs. However, the gas is harmful to the environment and also has a depletion of the ozone. The R22 gas will usually be phased within 5 years. Before you make a purchase an AC or refrigerator, it’s very important to have a look and check the exterior components of the gas and if R22 is mentioned in it, it will be advisable to drop it since R22 is harmful to the environment.
HFCs(R-410A, R32) Hydro fluorocarbons
This type of gas is better than HCFs. They do not deplete the ozone layer but they still have the capability for global warming. When it comes to global warming, the R34 is better than the R410A. These gases are not friendly to the environment too. However they are better compared to the R22.
The R32 refrigerant has three times lower GWP and is also more energy efficient as compared to R410A.
Most well established companies such as Mitsubishi, Hitachi, Fujitsu, Panasonic and Toshiba are opting to use the R32 refrigerants in their AC conditioners.
The difference between R22 and R410A refrigerant.
While you decide to choose the air conditioning unit, you will be required to put in to consideration some few aspects one of it is will be the type of refrigerant it uses. The main ones will be -22 and R-410A which are also known as Freon and Puron respectively. These both types of refrigerants are not interchangeable within a system. So it’s important to be careful while choosing and ensure that you choose the correct one before you buy the system. The two refrigerants have other two major differences as discussed below.
This type of gas is commonly referred as Freon. This type of gas is basically among the top brands. The R22 is no longer used for installation of the new AC system as before. The gas was discontinued after being listed among the listed hydro-chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC). The gas has been shown to be a contributor to ozone depletion. Therefore it’s very clear that, in case you have a new system you will not use Freon or R22. This is because it’s very harmful to the environment.
The gas is often referred to puron as the main and the common brand name that is associated with this type of refrigerant. It is hydro-fluorocarbon (HFC) and it doesn’t hurt the ozone layer. Therefore, the gas is permitted for the new residential air conditioners and its almost becoming the standard gas in the U.S. almost all the new air conditioning units automatically use R-410A. However it’s important to check before making a final purchase. In case you are using an older unit, it’s advisable to check and confirm if it’s using the R-22 or R-410A.The gas is permitted for the new residential air conditioners and its almost becoming the standard gas all over. Almost all the new air conditioning units automatically use R-410A
Difference in performance
Beside R-410 proving to be better in ozone layer, the gas is well known in providing a better overall operation. The gas eventually absorbs and releases the heat better than R-22.this helps the compressor to run cooler and prevents overheating. In addition to that, it works at a higher pressure. This enables the compressors in the unit to handle more stress hardening it and preventing it from easier breakage s developing cracks. The systems that use R-410 also use synthetic oil for lubrication unlike the R-22 systems that uses mineral oil. The synthetic oil id more soluble, this makes the whole system more efficient and very effective. Therefore we can conclude that the R-410 works better and more efficiently than the R-22 and it has more efficient systems.
Some companies have not given up thus moving ahead and coming up with new systems enable they continue using R-22 in the new systems. They have come up with new ways by producing dry charging units. This unit doesn’t have the refrigerant installed at the factory. Thus, you will have to engage a technician to charge the unit at home. The dry charge unit is not long lasting.
When it comes to decision making between the Freon and Puron, always ensure you get the one that has R-410A for a better of the two and efficient system which is also helpful to the environment.
The R32 has one third of the (GWP). The gas is easier to reuse and recycle too. The R32 is mildly flammable. It has a very low concentration with no possibility of of combustion. The handling and installation of R32 gas requires a specialist who is F-Gas fully certified. Most people think R32 is the best AC gas.